All posts by Trip Planner Co.,Ltd

Director of Sales at Trip Planner Co.,Ltd Inbound/ Outbound travel agency CEO/Founder/Owner at Trip Planner Co.,Ltd Inbound/ Outbound travel agency Studied Physics and Meteorology at B.Sc(hon:)Meteorology,Yangon University Went to B.E.H.S Zingyike Lives in Yangon Married From Zingyaik, Mon State, Burma

About Myanmar

Myanmar (the golden Land), it was called Burma by the British in former times. It is an ancient land that has existed since prehistoric times. The archeological evidences can be seen clearly in places like Bagan, Hanlin, Tagaung, Mandalay, Bago, Pyay and Taungoo, etc…

The amazing pagodas, Temples, shrines and the old monasteries are the most distinctive features of Myanmar. The country is rich in minerals deposits and natural resources, and its art and culture. Furthermore, it’s rich in ethnic diversity, the Buddhist ideals of doing meritorious deeds, donations, tolerance and loving kindness. The Buddhist monks in the saffron robes receiving alms from the donors, smiling and charming people, beautiful scenery, magnificent Inle lake with its leg rowers, silvery beaches and waterfalls, enchanting caves, riverine beauty, and our traditional sports are the beauties of nature of the country.

Myanmar has Gem stones mining in Mogoke in Mandalay division producing world best qualities rubies, sapphires and many other precious stones.

Jade is mining in Kachin State, Sagaing Division and gold can be found in many parts of the country.

So, why not!! Is it worth to have the name golden? It is indeed “The land of the golden Pagodas and Temples”.

Geography

The climate of Myanmar roughly divided into three seasons namely Raining season (June to October), Winter season (November to February) and the Summer season (March to May). Myanmar enjoys a tropical monsoon climate. In Raining season the annual reversal of southwest monsoon wind blowing from the Bay of Bengal. But the climate condition differs from place to place. The average temperature is 60 F in the winter season while in the summer time temperature may rise up 100 F or above. The hottest and the driest months are April and May. In central region temperature sometimes reaches a record height 45 C (113 F).

Climate

The climate of Myanmar roughly divided into three seasons namely Raining season (June to October), Winter season (November to February) and the Summer season (March to May). Myanmar enjoys a tropical monsoon climate. In Raining season the annual reversal of southwest monsoon wind blowing from the Bay of Bengal. But the climate condition differs from place to place. The average temperature is 60 F in the winter season while in the summer time temperature may rise up 100 F or above. The hottest and the driest months are April and May. In central region temperature sometimes reaches a record height 45 C (113 F).

Historical Background

According to the archaeology evidences of Byadalin Cave, one of the world’s oldest stone age civilization was flourishing in Myanmar more than ten thousand years ago.

Originally, Myanmar as a race had moved nomadically in group from Mongolia in the north down to the south and settled in the country.

These nomad known to be Myanmar mixed with ethnic minority such as Pyu, Kanyan and Thet (Pyu is the lost civilization), who were then aboriginal inhabitants of this country.

With the passage of time these mixed race began to live in separate groups. Myanmar was split up into small states many times, in different regions and gradually brought out some regional ethnic groups. In this ways, they formed the eight major nationalities and over 100 minorities.

According to the Glass palace chronicle, the Kingdom of Bagan was started in 108 A.D. But, in 11th centuries Bagan emerged the clear light of history. The great king Anawrahta established the first Myanmar Empire and the political unification was achieved by organizing different states into one kingdom. It was called Bagan Dynasty in which Theravada Buddhism was brought from Thaton kingdom and became a newly establish faith. At the time Myanmar attained the golden age of political unity and many Pagodas and Temples were built between 11 to 13 centuries. Marco Polo was the first noted tourist. In its history, Myanmar was split up into small states many times; but the disintegrated country was sometimes reunified by the powerful kings such as Thabinshwehti, Bayintnaung in 16 century, Alaungphaya founded the last Kongbaung Dynasty in 1752 and was annexed by the British colonialist in 1885.

British made Myanmar

Myanmar became a province of India in 1886, its capital was Yangon ( Rangoon ) and separated from India in 1937.

Between 1942 to 1945, it was in Japanese occupation period.

0n the 4th of January, Myanmar regained independence from Britain. U Nu was the first elected prime minister. Democratic rule was ended when the general Ne Win took over power in 1962.

In 1974 a new constitution was promulgated and Myanmar road to socialism was started with a single party. Ne Win became president of the government and continuing to hold the power until 1988 uprising.

1989-2010 Military government formed the state law and order restoration council. Then the name changed to the state peace and development council. They also changed the name of the country Burma to Myanmar in 1989.

In 2007 anti-government protests occurred in the country and it was led by the Buddhist monks. In the following year in 2008 the most devastated Nargis Cyclone hit and as many as 100,000 people died or went missing in the Ayeyarwaddy delta region. In 2010 pro-democracy leader Aung San Su Kyi was released from under house arrest. She has been placed under house arrest for 15 years of the past 21 years during military government. On 1 April of 2012 she contested in by-election and became a member of parliament.

EU lifts up the sanction over Myanmar

The United stated President Barack Obama visited Myanmar and sanction on Myanmar in most sectors has been released.

Present Government

Myanmar democratic reforms are an ongoing; series of political, economic and administrative reforms in Myanmar undertaken by the military back- up government.

Population

Population is over 52 million with 135 different races.

Administrative Capital

Former military government relocated its administrative area from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw ( literally means; Royal city of the kings) in 2005. But Yangon still retained Business and commercial city.

Flora & Fauna

Myanmar has thick virgin forests and the world famous teak wood produce from Myanmar. According to the record of forestry department, it has a variety of 300 mammal species, 300 reptiles and about 1000 bird species.

Religion

Buddhism is the main religion of the country and more than 85% of the people are Buddhist. Other religions are Christianity, Muslim, Hinduism and Animism. There are also freedom for all followers of religions. So, different religions can be practiced in Myanmar.

History of Myanmar alphabet

All researchers who had studied the origin and development of the Myanmar script accepted that its source was Brahmin script which flourished in India from about 500 B.C to over 300 A.D.

Myanmar writing system and those employ the Brahmin writing system are basically similar. The first Brahmin script was seen about 500 B.C. It had spread through India in 300 B.C in the reign of king Asoka. It is said that these Indian script descended from Brahmin script spread to Tibet, Srilanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Indonesia in the period of 100 A.D to 800 A.D.

According to stone inscription of Bagan period, Myanmar language has been developed about 1000 years ago. Early Myanmar language developed from Mon of the lower Myanmar.

Myanmar language has an alphabet of 33 consonants and vowels that combined to form syllabic sound.

Myanmar language is official and common language. Over 80% of people speak Myanmar language, the rest including ; Kachin, Kayar, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, and Shan speak their own languages.

Myeik Archipelago

Mergui Archipelago

 

Mergui Archipelago Tours

myeik-02 myeik-03 myeik-04 myeik-01

Validity : From 01 October 2016 to 30 April 2017
Note : All ready-made programmed will be operated if there is (minimum 2 pax) for MSK-02, 03, 04 & (minimum 4 pax) for MSK-01, 05, 06 on your requested date.

Tour Code Tour Program Itinerary Tour fare

MSK-01
3 Days/ 2 Nights Kawthaung – Taung La Bo
Island-115 Island- Myauk Ni
Island-Tha Yae Island- Kawthaung
USD 984/Pax
MSK-02 4 Days/ 3 Nights Kawthaung – Taung La Bo Island-115 Island-254
Island- Nga Man Island- Kyaun Phila Island- Myauk Ni Island – Tha Yae
Island-Kawthaung
USD1195/Pax
MSK-03 5 Days/ 4 Nights Kawthaung – Taung La Bo Island-115 Island-254
Island-256 Island- Nga Man Island- Kyun Phila Island-Bo Ywe Island –
Myauk Ni Island-Tha Yae Isalnd-Kawthaung
USD1401/Pax
MSK-04 6 Days/ 5 Nights Kawthaung – Taung La Bo Island-115 Island-254
Island-256 Island-60 Island- Crocodile Creek – Ko Phawt – Tar Yar
Island-Nga Man Island- Kyun Phila-Bo Ywe – Myauk Ni Island- Tha Yae
Island- Kawthaung
USD1607/Pax
MSK-05 6 Days/ 5 Nights Kawthaung- Taung La Bo Island-115
Isalnd – Nga Man Island- Kyun Phila Island-254 Island- Salet Galet
Island- Marbel Island-Wal Island-Mergui Island-Myeik
USD1781/Pax
MSK-06 6 Days/ 5 Nights Myeik- Mergui Island- Wal Isand- Marbel Isalnd-
Salet Galet Island-254 Island-256 Island- Nga Man Island-115 Island-
Taung La Bo Island- Kawthuang
USD1781/Pax

Car Rental

Car Rental

Car Rental is a part of our company businesses. We also make arrangement for cars as well. We have all type of cars such as Saloons, Van, 4 x 4 wheels, Wagon, Hi-ace, Buses, etc. We have experience drivers and the drivers who can understand English and is easy to communicate while you are with them. We offer the ultimate car rental experience with the highest standard of service with the cheapest car rate.

Car Rate for Around Yangon and Highway

Type of Car Transfer Half
Day
Fully
Day
Than Lyin Bago Kyaikhti
yoe
Pyay / NS High way
Saloon (3) seaters 20000 26,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 130,000 150,000
Hiace (5) seaters 27,000 43,000 65,000 82,500 110,000 130,000 165,000 200,000
Hiace (9) seaters 30,000 48,000 72,000 94,000 120,000 140,000 185,000 230,000
Hiace (14) seaters 40,000 55,000 90,000 120,000 140,000 180,000 220,000 250,000
22 Seaters 43,000 65,000 113,000 144,000 220,000 240,000 288,000 400,000
30 Seaters 50,000 72,000 127,000 158,000 240,000 260,000 330,000 430,000
45 Seaters 60,000 86,000 145,000 187,000 270,000 290,000 370,000 500,000

Above prices may change according to the rate changes of fuel prices.

Maximum usage of car for Full Day – 12 hours and Half Day = 6 hours. Transfer is only one way to and from airport to Hotel. 10% of the full day rate will be added to the full day amount for every exceeded hour.For industrial Zone such as Hlaing Thar Yar, Shwe Pyi Thar, Mingalardone, North & South Dagon and Pun Hlaing Golf Course will be charged additional Ks: 8000/- for Saloon, Hi-ace for Ks : 15,000/- for 22 Seaters , 30 Seaters and ks 20000, for 45 Seaters.

Prices for renting cars

Include;

– Fuel charges

– Driver
– Toll fees

– parking fees

Not include;

– Government tax 10%

– Travel insurance

Express Bus Services in Myanmar

Highway Buses & Bus Fare

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local
(In Kyats)
Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Shwe
Mandalar
Yangon Mandalay 05:00 PM 10,400 10,400 With
Aircon
01-703969 (Ygn) 02-78830 (MDL)
Mandalay 08:00 PM 10,400 10,400
Mandalay 09:00 PM 10,400 10,400
Mandalay 09:30 PM 10,400 10,400
Mandalay 09:30 PM VIP 16,500 16,500
Mandalay 10:00 PM VIP 16,500 16,500
2 E-LITE Yangon Mandalay 08:30 AM VIP 18,000 18,000 01-639466 Ext -381, 358 (Ygn)
Mandalay 09:00 AM VIP 18,000 18,000
Mandalay 08:30 PM VIP 18,000 18,000
Mandalay 08:00 PM 10,500 10,500
Mandalay 09:00 PM 10,500 10,500
Mandalay 09:30 PM 10,500 10,500
All VIP bus will be departed from (Shwe
Kabar Station) in Ma Yan Kone Town Ship.
All Ordinary Bus will be departed from (Aung Mingalar Highway Station)
3 Shwe Nan Daw Yangon Mandalay 09:00 AM 05:00 AM 16,500 16,500 VIP Bus 09-73058022
01-637667
Mandalay 09:30 PM 05:00 AM 16,500 16,500 VIP Bus
4 GI Group Yangon Mandalay 9:00 AM 10,500 10,500 09-73626666,
09-73787777
Mandalay 9:00 PM 14,000 14,000 VIP Bus
Mandalay 9:30 PM 10,500 10,500

 

Yangon – Pyin Oo Lwin ( 472 Miles )

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 E-LITE Yangon Pyin Oo Lwin 07:00 PM VIP 19,000 19,000 09-73553553
09-73074539
Pyin Oo Lwin 06:00PM VIP 19,000 19,000
Pyin Oo Lwin 06:00 PM 11,500 11,500
Pyin Oo Lwin 06:30 PM 11,500 11,500
Pyin Oo Lwin 07:00 PM 11,500 11,500
Pyin Oo Lwin 07:30 PM 11,500 11,500
2 Mandalar Min Yangon Pyin Oo Lwin 19:30 PM 12,000 12,000 01-704759,
637337
Pyin Oo Lwin 20:30 PM 12,000 12,000
Pyin Oo Lwin 21:00 PM 12,000 12,000

 

Yangon-Naypyitaw (230 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 E-LITE Yangon Naypyidaw 7:00 AM 7,000 9,000 With Aircon 09-73443443
09-73553553
09-73074539
Naypyidaw 8:00 AM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 9:00 AM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 11:00 AM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 01:00 Noon 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 02:00 Noon 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 04:00 PM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 06:00 PM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 07:00 PM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 09:30 PM 7,000 9,000
Naypyidaw 10:00 PM 7,000 9,000
2 J J Express Yangon Naypyidaw 8:00 AM 7:00 PM 6,000 6,500 With Aircon 09-73123571~4
Naypyidaw 12:00 PM 10:00 PM 6,000 6,500
Naypyidaw 5:00 PM 10:00 PM 6,000 6,500

 

Yangon-Taunggyi (414 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Shwe Nan Daw Yangon Taunggyi 05:00 PM 05:00 AM 11,000 11,000 Ordinary 09-4200 11124/5/6
Taunggyi 06:00 PM 05:00 AM 17,500 17,500 VIP Bus
2 E-LITE Yangon Taunggyi 4:00 PM 05.30Am 11,000 16,000 01-707832,725596
081-22722 ,
24226
Taunggyi Yangon 14.00Pm 05.00Am 11,000 16,000
3 shwe Mandalar Yangon Taunggyi 07:00 PM 06:00 AM 11,000 15,000

 

Yangon- Bagan (Nyaung U) (404 / 432 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Shwe Mandalar Yangon Bagan 08:00 AM 05:00 PM 10,500 15,000
2 Ye Thu Aung Yangon Bagan 06:00 PM 04:00 AM 10,500 15,000

 

Yangon-Kyaikhtiyo (119 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Win Yangon Kyaikhtiyo 06:00 AM ~
04:00 PM
4,500 8,000 Daily
1 hour by one operate ( Every 1 hour)

 

Yangon-Mawlamyine (194 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Yaung Ni Tun Yangon Mawlamying 08:00 AM 05:00 PM 5,500 11,000 Daily 01-7722031(Ygn)
Yangon Mawlamying 08:00 PM 05:00 AM 5,500 11,000
2 Mandalar Min Yangon Mawlamying 09:00 PM 06:00 AM 5,500 11,000 01-636800,
637337 (Ygn)

 

Yangon-Taunggoo (175 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Sae Taman Yangon Taunggoo 07:00 AM 4,500 4,500 01-709430,
708155
Taunggoo 09:00 AM 4,500 4,500
Taunggoo 13:00 PM 4,500 4,500
Taunggoo 15:00 PM 4,500 4,500
2 Gandawin Yangon Taunggoo 03:00 PM 4,500 4,500 09-73096140,
09-73099163
Taunggoo 05:00 PM 4,500 4,500
Taunggoo 07:00 PM 4,500 4,500

 

Yangon- Chaung Thar (150 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Shwe Pyi Lwin Yangon Chaung Thar 06.00 AM 13.00 PM 4,500 10,000 Daily 01-685300Ext:369
Yangon Pathein 06.00 AM 11.00 AM 3,500 8,000 Daily

 

Yangon-Ngwe Saung (147 Miles)

Sr. Name Sector Time Amount Remark Contact
Phone No.
From To Departure Arrival Local(In Kyats) Foreigner
(In Kyats)
1 Shwe Pyi Lwin Yangon Ngwe Saung 06.30 AM 13.00 PM 4,500 10,000 Daily 01-724886
Ngwe Saung 07:00AM 14:00 PM 4,500 10,000 Daily

 

Domestic Airliners

Domestic Airlines in Myanmar

 

air3 Air Bagan Ltd. (W9)56, Shwe Taung Gyar Street, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+ 95-1) 513 411, 513 422, 513 322

Fax : (+ 95-1) 515 102

Website:www.airbagan.com

 air4 Air Mandalay Ltd. (6T)146, Dhamazedi Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+ 95-1) 525 488, 501 520

Fax : (+ 95-1) 525 937

Website : http://www.airmandalay.com

 air6 Myanma Airways Ltd. (UB)104 Strand Road, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+ 95-1) 373 828, 283 842

Fax : (+ 95-1) 373 828

 asianwing Asian Wings Airways Ltd. (AW)No.34 (A-1), Shwe Taung Gyar Street, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+ 95-1) 516 654

Fax : (+ 95-1) 527 401

Website : http://www.asianwingsairways.com

 new-air2 Asian KBZ Ltd. (KZ)104 Strand Road, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+ 95-1) 372 977~80

Fax : (+ 95-1) 372 983

Website : http://www.airkbz.com

 golden-mountain Golden Myanmar Ltd.Ground Floor, Sayar San Plaza, New University Avenue Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+95-1) 8604 035~38, (+95) 1401 484, (+95-9) 7325 6067, (+95-9) 4004 469 99,

(+95-9) 4004 479 99, (+95-9) 4004 489 99

Fax : (+ 95-1) 8604 051

Website : http://www.gmairlines.com

 mai-airline MAI Airways Ltd.08-02 Sakura Tower, 339 Bogyoke Aung San Road, Yangon, Myanmar.

Tel : (+95-1) 255 260

Fax : (951) 255 305

Website : http://www.maiair.com

 

Travel Tips

Travel Tips

Yangon Mingalardon Airport is the main International Airport also used for domestic . Mandalay Airport also serves as International flights to and from Thailand and china. Yangon has direct air links with Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hanoi, Taipei, Kunming, and Guangzhou.

For an updated Flight schedule,

Please click the following links:

Bangkok:

Singapore

Kuala Lumpur

Hanoi

Chiang Mai

Calcutta

Taipei

Kunming

Guang Zhou

By Overland:

Overland entry with a Border Pass is permitted at the following Border Check Points: Tachileik ,Myawaddy, Kawthaung on the Myanmar-Thai border and Muse on the Myanmar-Yunnan (China) border.

Visa & Embassies:

Myanmar requires a valid passport of minimum 6 months and a Myanmar visa for all foreigners visiting the country. Tourist visas are issued for a duration of 28 days starting from the day you enter the country, three months from the date of issue. You can obtain a visa at all Myanmar Embassies or Consulates with three photos and your passport. The international points of entry and exit in Myanmar are Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport. Please click here for an updated list of Myanmar Embassies and Consulates.

Customs

All foreign currency (in excess of US$ 2000), jewelry, cameras, radios, cassette player, calculators, etc must be declared at the airport on arrival and keep a copy of the customs declaration form to be presented on departure. Antiques and archaeologically valuable items are not allowed to be taken out. Two bottles of liquor, two cartons of cigarettes, 100 cigars and ½ liter of perfume for personal use are allowed duty free. Your luggage is subject to inspection with X-ray by the customs authorities before departure.

Myanmar Standard Time

GMT(UTC) + 6 hours 30 minutes. If you come from Bangkok ,you would set your watch 30 minutes back.

Currency:

The basis unit of Local currency is called “ kyat”. Denomination notes are 10000Ks, 5000Ks, 1000Ks, 500Ks, 200Ks, respectively.

Exchange rate varies from the daily basic. The central bank of Myanmar set the exchange rates regularly every day. Now is easier to exchange local currency at Banks and licensed exchange centers. Many can withdraw the local money (Kyat) with their credit cards such as visa, master from automatic teller machines which has been installed recently in most cities and tourist places. They can withdraw as much as 10 millions kyats at a time. Service charges is 5000 kyats only. Exchange rate of this month on 21May 23, 2013 is 1 US$ = 937 Kyats.

Trip Expenses:

The cost of living expenses may differ from where you stay and where you go and eat. A bottle of local beer (256ml) may cost about 2000 ks while at high end hotels and restaurants the same beer may cost you 5US$.

For your meals (Lunch and Dinner):

At International Hotel:
It may cost you between 15 US$ to 30US$
At the local restaurant:
It may cost you between 2500Ks to 6000Ks
Beverage (Drinks):

At international hotels:
Soft drinks 3 US$ to 5 US$
A beer can 3 US$ to 5 US$
A bottle of beer 4 US$ to 5 US$
A glass of wine 3 US$ to 6 US$
Tea or coffee: 3 US$ to 5 US$
Mineral water: 1 US$ to 2 US$
At Local Restaurant:
Soft drinks in local Kyats 300 to 700 Kyats
A beer can 800 Kyats to 1000Kyats
A bottle of beer 1500 Kyats to 2200 Kyats
Tea or coffee: 200 Kyats to 500 Kyats
Mineral water: 300 Kyats to 500 Kyats

Business hours and holidays:

Most government offices open from 9:30 am to 4: 30 pm on weekdays. Banking hours are from 10 am to 2 pm. Private companies work daily except Sunday and gazette holidays. Shopping centers and super markets open daily. The most famous Bogyoke Aung San( also known as Scott) market is open at 9 :30 am to 5 pm except on Monday a gazette holidays.

Public Holidays (2013):

JAN 4 Independence Day, JAN 05 Kayin New Year Day, FEB 12 Union Day, MAR 2 Peasant’s Day, MAR 19 Full moon day of Tabaung, MAR 27 Armed Forces Day, APR 13-16 Thingyan Festival (Water Festival), APR 17 Myanmar New year Day, MAY 1 May Day (Workers’ Day), MAY 17 Full moon day of Kason, JUL 15 Beginning of Buddhist Lent, JUL 15 Full moon day of Waso, JUL 19 Martyrs’ Day, OCT 12 End of Buddhist Lent (Thadingyut Festival of Lights), NOV 10 Tazaungdaing Festival of Lights, DEC 01 National Day, DEC 25 Christmas Day.

Accommodations

There are several hotels, but accommodation standard in Myanmar still vary widely in quality. International standard hotels are available in Yangon, Bagan and Mandalay. There are hotels of every type available. You can stay luxuriously and modestly, depending upon your budget. Accommodations in remote places are on very simple basis.

What to wear

With weather being generally warm and dry, it is advisable to bring light clothing and comfortable shoes. Sandals are recommended for doing sight-seeing so as to be easily taken off. It is also recommended to bring a winter Sweater and hiking shoes/boots for trips in mountain areas especially around Inle Lake and Kalaw when in winter time night time temperature can drop to near freezing point.

Transportation

Domestic air services between major destinations have been very much progressed in Myanmar. There are daily flights from Yangon to Mandalay, Bagan, Heho ( Inlay ), Kyaingtong and Tachileik and daily train services from Yangon to Mandalay. And also bus services from Yangon to Mandalay, Bagan and Inle. Public trains, ferryboats and bus services are still unreliable and uncomfortable. But train services between Yangon and Mandalay are popular with tourists.

Note: Making your trip to remote areas especially to restricted areas is not allowed. But permission for some remote areas can be obtained on application.

Food

Some of Myanmar dishes are similar to Indian and Chinese food and consists of rice and curry. Curry dishes are generally meat or vegetables or a mixture, cooked with a common spices, onions,garlic,ginger, chili powder, lemon grass, peanut oil or sesames oil. Curries tend to be less chili-hot than Thai version. Some Myanmar dishes are oily, spicy and salty. A complete Myanmar meal may have the main dish of meat or fish, side dishes, soups, salads and desserts. Most hotels and restaurant in major cities serve various dishes of European and Asian cuisine. There are many good local restaurants with almost the same quality of food and hygiene as hotels but at reasonable prices. There are so many traditional snacks and delicacies. Most popular dishes are Mouk- hin khar (thin rice noodle served with fish gravy ), Ohn-noh-khauk-swe (noodles served with chicken chunks and coconut gravy) and Shan noddle. We would like to give the real feeling of Myanmar for the our clients, Restaurant and food are carefully selected for hygiene as well as gastronomy.

Film & Photography:

You will definitely want to make as many pictures as possible to record your trip.
Generally, the Burmese do not have any objections against being photographed. However, If you make close-shot to people, you should ask them before taking their pictures. Many pagodas charge a minimal fee for cameras; video cameras might be a little more expensive. Some museums restrict photography.
Important: Taking photograph in any military installation is forbidden.

Electricity

220 to 230 volts AC

Post & Telecommunications:

Government postal service in Myanmar is quite cheap. The letters and postcards may take one or two weeks to reach their destinations but usually most of them will arrive. Stamps can only be purchase at government post offices. One must buy a 500 kyats stamp for a postcard to Europe.

Private services like DHL come at a price but are very reliable. If one should wish to send a large size and heavy items home it can be done either by airfreight or by shipment.

International and domestic fax, E-mail and calls are available at most hotels and big cities. Whenever you make an oversea call from Myanmar, it is important to ask the price first. They charge you between 6 US$ to 9 US$. Internet access center mushrooms in most major tourist spots of Myanmar. But your global mobile phone can’t be used in Myanmar. The international telephone code for Myanmar is+ 95.

One can possibility buy 20 US$ one time GSM prepaid card at Yangon International airport or some mobile phone shops in Yangon. It is cheaper to make oversea calls. Incoming phone calls are free of charge. International phone calls costs 0,9 US$ per minute.

Cultural Information

Throughout Myanmar wherever you enter religious ground such as Pagodas, Temples, monasteries, the first thing you have to do is to remove your shoes (or sandals) and socks. Foot wearing is prohibited at the religious grounds. Socks? What you wear on your feet is footwear. You may also need to show your respect for Myanmar religion by wearing proper clothing at religious sites especially short miniskirts or pants, bra-less or sleeveless blouse for women and very short pants for men.

Health

The same precautions are the same as anywhere else – Only drink purified bottle drinking water, do not eat raw vegetables; all fruits should be carefully peeled before eaten. Be wary of eating food at road stalls. The best solution is to bring along all necessary required drugs in sufficient numbers as well as cosmetics. Used insects repellent when necessary and use sunscreen liberally when expose to intense, tropical sun.

In the event that you get sick in spite of all precautions, the following priv ate Hospital are recommended:
Pun Hlaing International Hospital:
Pun Hlaing Golf Estate Avenue, Pun Hlaing Street, Industrial Zone (6), Hlaing Thar Yar Township
Tel: (95-1) 684320-8
Fax: (95-1) 684324
Office: FMI Shopping Centre, 4th floor, Bogyoke Aung San Street, Pabedan Township
Tel: (95-1) 243010, 248910, 243013, 243012
SOS Assistance
Inya Lake Hotel, 37 Kaba Aye Pagoda Road,
Tel : (95-1) 667877, 667879

Kandawgyi Clinic
Natmauk Road,
Tel : (95-1) 530083

Entertainment:

There are all kinds of entertainment s in Yangon, cultural shows, marionette performance, theatre, cinemas and others.

For a Myanmar Cultural Variety Show we would recommend:
In Yangon the Lakeview Theatre Restaurant at Kandawgyi Palace Hotel, Kan Yeik Tha Road Tel: 249255-9, 242613-19.

They have a daily show from 19:30 – 20:30.
Price for the cultural show including buffet dinner is US$ 12 – per person

In Mandalay the cultural show and dinner at the Mandalay Hill Resort / Kinsana Garden Theatre
No. (9), Kwin (416B), 10th Street, At the Foot of Mandalay Hill, Mandalay
Tel: 02-35638
October to April: Daily show with dinner from 7 pm

Puppetry of Myanmar:

Myanmar Puppetry dates back many centuries. It was Probably well established in Myanmar during Bagan Period eleventh century and record of art were make in the 15th to 16th centuries. Puppetry was in great demand at the court of Myanmar royalty. Marionettes were a means of making people aware of current events, a medium for educating the people in literature, history and religion, display of lifestyles and customs. At the same time, they functioned as mouthpieces for the people in the days of royalty, tiny hands in state and social affairs.

There are some restaurants in Bagan showing daily puppet shows during dinner time. The most popular place is the Nanda Restaurant (02-67542, 67039).

Regular show: everyday stat from : 6 pm
Dinner and show: Kyats 8.000,– (approx. 10,– US$) per person
Show In Mandalay: Garden Villa theater 66th St. between 26th St. & 27 St. Beside Sedona Hotel (02-34446)
Show time: every night at 8:30 p.m.
Entrance: 5000Ks per person
Duration: one hour

 

Festivals in Myanmar

Festivals in Myanmar

 

 January

Kachin Manaw Festival

kachinLocation: Myitkyina, Kachin State.

When: 10th January 2014

This festival was celebrating a sacrificing-cum dancing best known as Manaw to propitiate or exercise numerous Nat (spirits) the spectacular carnival held in every 10th of January is the festival to celebrate a victory or achievement where the young and old, the great and simple gather in true community spirit.

Ananda Pagoda Festival

Location: Ananda, Bagan.

When: 8th waxing day of Pyatho and ending of full moon day of Tabodwe 23 days festival. Bowls of alms filled with donated items are offered to monks who all wait in a long line. People who live villages near and far come with bullock carts outings come and enjoy.

Mahamuni Pagoda Festival

Location: Mahamuni precinct, Mandalay.

When: 14th waxing day of Tabodwe and full moon day of Tabodwe Glutinous rice delicacy contests are held late on 14th waxing day of Tabodwe. In the morning of 15th waxing day, offer it to the Buddha. Thousand of people from all over the country make the pilgrimage to the Pagoda. The evening entertainment includes a variety of dances, songs, short and long play, open air movies and many stalls selling up various traditional snacks and other utilities.

Naga New Year festival

Locations: Chamti, Lahe, Lashi (Sagaing Division)

In the hill of northwestern Sagaing Division near the India-Myanmar border lives an interesting national race called the Naga. Of Tibeto-Myanmar descent, the Naga physically resembles the Myanmar peoples, with women who are as powerfully built as the men. The Naga are traditionally animists and in the past some clans are known to have used human heads as offerings to the spirits.

The Naga New Year falls in January. Originally held as a series of separate community-wide celebrations and family reunions, the New Year festival later became a bigger township – wide event as some elders envisaged that it should be an occasion for amity. Since 1990 it has been promoted on an even bigger regional scale, celebrated on January 15 in rotating venues, alternating among the Naga town of Hkamti, leshi, Namyung and Lahe, all in Sagaing Division.

On January 14 the New Year Festival Pole is erected around which the Naga people assemble for the opening ceremony. On the following day locals, invited guests and tourists celebrate the New Year. Gifts are exchanged while traditional music and dances are performed. Partygoers enjoy sipping traditional Naga rice wine while feasting on bison and wild boar meat. The festival is meant to celebrate the successful completion of the harvest, with participants sharing their experiences from the previous year and planning for the next one. Participants wish for good health, wealth, happiness, good climate and good crops for the coming year.

One of the most striking aspects of the Naga festival is the colourful dress, with traditional costumes set with feathers and plumes of hornbills elephant tusks; canines and paws of tigers, bears and boars; horns of buffalos; and tails of horses and goats. Silver and bronze beads, bangles, bracelets, pendants and eardrops are also worn. Youth- holding shields and spears as if they were warriors- wear head-dresses framed with horns of wild boars and set with fur and feathers. One interesting thing is that every Naga man wears a special palm leaf on each of heir feet during the festival. Most of their clothing is coloured red, black, green and white to symbolize courage and dexterity.

 

February

Mawtinsun Pagoda Festival

Location: Pagoda point, Pathein

When: 15 days festival. Pilgrimage and recreation go together at this seashore. Long and secluded beach stretch between pagoda point and cape Negrais is haven both for beach lovers and beach bums alike.

Indawgyi Pagoda Festival

Location: Moe Nyin, Kachin State

When: 8 days ceremony.

The ceremony is sponsored by Kachin Buddhists. In summer, a footpath leading to the pagoda surfaces enabling pilgrims to walk to the pagoda. Except summer, the pagoda is surrounded by a large volume of water, in the Indawgyi Lake.

 

March

Shwemawdaw Pagoda Festival

Location: Bago

When: 8th waxing day of Tagu to 5th waning day of Tagu

13 days ceremony. Vendors come from far and near and build temporary shops made of bamboo to sell their local products as is the usual case of a pagoda festival in Myanmar. Dancing troupes perform onstage for a whole night. Theatrical artists perform on stage with full force to show, their competitive edge over their counterparts and to win future performance.

 

April

Thingyan Water Festival

Location: through out the country

When: 12th to 17th April 2014

The festival is held prior to Myanmar New year to clean away evil deeds of the past year with water. Youths go out for enjoyment while elders take retreat in monasteries and pagoda precincts to perform meritorious deeds. People build temporary pavilions and from there throw water at passer by and revelers going around in open cars and trucks. Traditional foods are offered as donation to whoever passing by. In the evening dancing troupes go round in decorated floats to compete in dancing and rap style satirical singing contests held through out the city.

Myanmar New Year’s Day

Location: throughout the country.

When: 17th April 2014

Buddhists young and old alike, spend the day performing meritorious deeds such as releasing animals, offering to monks, paying homage to elder, etc.

Popa Nats or Spirit Festival

Location: Mt. Popa

When: 3rd waning day of Kasone

Pilgrim from all over the country pay respect to Mt. Popa Nat Shrines, (a spirit – the black smith Maung Tint Te, Min Maha Giri) ) who killed by King of Tagaung for his strength. Bagan King made a place as shrine for him and effectively starting the official worshop of Nat in Myanmar, Nat believes from all over the country to come and pay respect to Mt.Popa and the Nat shrines.

 

May

Kason Fullmoon festival or watering of the sacred Bo Tree Festival

Location: throughout the country

When: Full moon day of Kasone

This day is not only the Buddha birthday but also attained Buddha hood while sitting in meditation under a Bo Tree and attained Nirvana at the aged of 80 years. Full moon day of Kasone is one of the holiest day of the year of Buddhist. And this month is hottest month in Myanmar. That’s the reason for puring the water on the Bo Tree. Women carry small water pots on the heads and go to Bo Tree in processing to pour water. Men accompany eith them playing traditional musical instruments.

 

June & July

Dhama Sakya Day (Shwedagon and other famous pagodas)

Location: throughout the country

When: Full moon day of Waso

This day commemorates the Lord Buddha’s first sermon (Dhama Sakya) to his five disciples. It is also first day pf Buddhist Lent during which the monks are prohibited to travel and sleep outside of their monasteries. The holy day’s religious activities can be found at the precincts of the famous pagodas and monasteries featuring; delivering sermons by Buddhist monks, reciting Pali verses praising Lord Buddha, offering meals to the monks.

Waso Robe Offering (Nation Wide)

Location: throughout the country

When: During the month on Waso

The month of Waso in Myanmar calendar is associated with the offering of Waso Robe to the Buddhist monks viewed precursor to the Buddhist lent, not later than the full-moon day of Waso. After this day, the Buddhist monks are forbidden to travel and are required to spend lent in their monasteries. The robes are offered to use during the period of retreat.

 

August

Taungbyone Nats or Spirits Festival

Location: Taung byone, Mandalay

When: 8th waxing day of Wagaung to the full moon day of Wagaung 6 days ceremony. The most famous of the Nat festival in Myanmar. Held for worshipping two Taung Byone spiritral figures. Major gathering spot for spiritual medium. Spiritual dances are rampant. This event is visited by all over the country who worship Nat, especially the traders and merchants who want help for more profits.

Yadana Gu Nat Festival

Location: Ratanagu Pagoda, Amarapura Township, Mandalay.

When: 8th waning day of Wagaung to 15th waning day of Wagaung

This is a festival to honor the mother of two Nat brothers of Taungbyone. Known as mother of Taungbyone festival. Most enjoyable because of the rowing boat trip to the site. The festival is held annually in honor of Popa Maedaw, Me Wanna who came back from Taungbyoune Festival, on her way back to Mt. Popa, she held halted at the Yadana Gu as her transit-camp.

Thadingyut Festival or Festival of light

Location: Throughout the country

When: 14th waxing day to 1st waning day of Thadingyut

3 days festival. To make the day Lord Buddha came down from the celestial Abode after spending 3 months of the Buddhist Lord there. Buddha’s return is remembered and commemorated throughout the country with colorful illuminations. It is the end of the Buddhist Lent and is also one of the most prominent festival of the year. Pagodas, houses, public buildings, parks, and monuments are all illuminated and there is various kind of everyone to enjoy. Thidingyut is not only for joyous but also thanksgiving and paying homage to Buddhist monks, parents, teachers and elders and asking pardon for whatever misdeeds might have committed during the year.

Shwezigon Pagoda Festival

Location: Nyaung U (Bagan)

When: 23 day festival. Candle lights and fireworks are carried in procession before offering to the pagoda.

 

September

Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda Festival

Location: Inle Lake, Shan State

When: 1st waxing day to 2nd waning day of Thadingyut In Nyaung Shwe township in southern Shan State sits Inle, the country’s second biggest lake after Indawgyi in Kachin State. Rimmed by high hills, the lake-referred to as the “Venice of the East” by some visitors-bears 17 villages that are built on patches of silt known as floating islands.

What makes Inle one of the country’s most popular tourist attractions are the 70,000 Intha people who propel flat-bottomed boats by standing on one leg and rowing by wrapping the other leg around the oar. They say that this leg-rowing technique helps relieve stress on their arms as they travel from one side of the lake to the other, and it is also said to help rowers gain a better perspective for spotting floating water hyacinths and fish as they paddle.

Closer linguistically and culturally to the Myanmar than to the Myanmar than to the Shan, the Intha are believed to have migrated to the region from Dawei on the Tanintharyi peninsula in far southern Myanmar sometime during the 12th century. The shan often refer to the Intha as the “Myanmar on the lake”. They are known for their industrious and persistent mindset, which has helped them survive by growing a wide variety of flowers, vegetables and fruits on the water on floating islands that are attached to the lake bed with long bamboo poles.

The Buddhist Intha boast of having about 100 monasteries and many stupas around the lake Paung Daw Oo Pagoda is regarded as one of the state’s holiest sites and holds five images covered in gold leaf. According to legend the images – three of whichare said to be Buddha statues and the other two arahats (those who have attained Nirvana) – date back to the time of the Bagan King Alaung Sithu (1112-1167AD).

Every year, from the frist waxing day to the third waning day of the full moon of the lunar month of Thadingyut, which usually falls in October, the biggest event in the region takes place at Inle lake. During the 20 day festival, the images from Paung Daw Oo Pagoda are carried on a royal barge from village to village to bless the people. Food stalls, souvenir shops, magic shows, puppet shows and dramas add to the festive atmosphere. The festival also features traditional boat races where men and woman show off their unique leg-rowing skills.

 

October

Kyaukse Elephant Dance Festival

Location: Kuaukse, 26 mile, south of Mandalay, Mandalay Division

When: 14th waxing day of thadingyut

Kyaukse Elephant Dance Festival is a yearly cultural highlight of Kyaukse; located 26 miles to the south of Mandalay. A huge elephant figure is made from bamboo and paper. 2 men take their places inside the figure and imitate and coordinate the movements of the dancers, assisted by a small number of musicians. The festival is celebrated on the day before the full moon of Thadingyut (October). As the day progresses, it is getting more and more crowded because people from nearby villages and as far as Mandalay come to Kyaukse and join in the festivities.

 

November

Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock) Festival

Location: Kyaikhto, Mon State

When: Starting from the full moon day of Thadinkyut(October).

A small stupa placed atop the Golden rock a massive granite boulder totally covered in gold which is precariously balanced on the very edge of the cliff. This rocking boulder has mysteriously remained in its position through centuries. The festival period to visit Kyaikhtiyoe Pagoda begins on the fullmoon day of Thidinkyut(October) and ends of the fullmoon day of Kasone(May). But even in peak monsoon(raining season),pilgrims and visitors do go to pay homage to this Pagoda.

Taunggyi Balloon Festival

In November in Tanggyi, the capital of Shan State, the Pa-O people hold a special Tazaungdine festival that features a spectacular hot-air ballon competition. Participant spend the days, weeks and months leading up to the festival trying to make the most attractive balloons-17 to 20 feet high and 16 to 8 feet in diameter-out of local Shan paper.

A single competing group might be made up of as many 400 people who work in smaller teams to make different elements of the balloon separately and only get together just before the festival to combine their pieces into a unified form, which might take the shape of anything from a traditional hot-air balloon to a giant animal, fruit or house. The sides of the balloon are often decorated with the name of the competing group, a religious logo or a floral pattern.

The wicks, which can weigh more than 30 pounds, are made by soaking pieces of cloth in oil dregs, crude oil, turpentine, wax and camphor oil for a number of days before being wrapped up on an iron frame. When the flame is lit, the balloon takes to the sky as if ready to ascend all the way to the moon.

 

December

Kayin New Year Celebration

The kayin people are one of the earliest settlers in the Myanmar region. Their New Year celebrations, which usually fall in December, are held in many towns and villages around the country where Kayin have settled. However, the biggest one takes place in Yangon’s Maha Sewingaba monastery compound in Insein township, where large number of Kayin live.

The celebration begins on the eve of the New Year with cultural shows that include the popular and very active Kayin Donyein dance, bamboo dances and traditional music and song. At dawn on New Year’s Day the Kayin national flag is hoisted, followed by performances of the Donyein dance. Guests are also served with sticky rice and elders deliver formal speeches that focus on the importance of preserving the Kayin culture.

Christmas Day

Location: Among Christian community in Yangon and others.

Christianity is the second largest religion in Myanmar after Buddhism.